Everything You Need To Know About Vortex Flow Meters


Everything You Need To Know About

Vortex Flow Meters

Vortex flow meters are flow measurement apparatus best used for flow measurement where the establishment of moving parts implicates problems. A vortex flow meter is available in brass, industrial grade, or all plastic construction.

Susceptibility and vulnerability to changes in the process conditions are, for the most part, relatively low and without moving parts have, more often than not, low wear, unlike other kinds of flow meters. This type of flow meter run or go under the principle called vortex shedding. It is where the vortexes swing back and forth when water flow goes through a steep height.

Nowadays, vortex flow meters are, believe it or not, more and more becoming the flow meter device of choice for steam, liquid, and gas flow measurement. To know more, here’s how a vortex flow meter works and why it’s an ideal option for many steam, liquid, and gas industrial flow applications.


Vortex flow meters was first created in 1513 by Leonardo da Vinci. The great da Vinci built the initial draft of vortices downstream of objects discharging flow. In 1878, Czech Vincenc Strouhal created a scientific structure to give an explanation about the vortexes made after bluff bodies.

Essentially, a wire extended tight in a stream of air will vibrate, and its recurrence is legitimately corresponding to the speed of the air jet. This condition will discover the Strouhal number, the connection between the speed of the stream, vortex shedding recurrence, and the distance across of the bluff body. In 1912, the physicist Theodore von Kárman utilized this idea in stream estimation, and we presently consider his portrayal of the Kárman vortex street.

Working Principle

All vortex flow meters have an obstruction, named the bluff body, before the estimating sensor. At the point when stream experiences the pipe, the bluff body makes swirls in the vortex road.

The recurrence on each side of the bluff body is legitimately relative to the stream speed and volume stream. In any case, this occurrence requires a low Reynolds number to produce those frequencies.

What does Reynolds number mean? All things considered, it has to do with viscous forces and inertial and can figure the turmoil in the stream.

Types of Bluff Body

A vortex flow meter uses a bluff body to divide the flow evenly to create vortexes. The shapes and types of bluff bodies will differ among vendors. For the most part, vendors have registered trademark for them since some will have less pressure loss, measuring range, and many more.

Mass and Volume Flow Meters

The vortex stream meter can quantify an assortment of liquid items. In any case, the meter itself estimates volume stream. So to gauge mass, we have extra highlights to permit precise estimation.

When we only need the numbers for a volume stream, the meter can gauge that straightforwardly. For example, in the event that we have a water stream in an application that doesn’t have the conductivity, then an electromagnetic stream meter requires, at that point, a vortex stream meter.

For mass stream, a vortex stream meter must have a part to compute the estimation just as a temperature sensor. In certain applications, you need a weight transmitter as well. A few merchants incorporate these with their vortex meters, and others may just incorporate a couple and have the rest as additional items. On the off chance that one needs a mass stream, at that point, you should check what your vortex meter needs to do that.

Vortex Flow Meter Styles

Advanced vortex meters give a digital yield sign containing more data than simply stream rate. The chip in the flowmeter can naturally address for lacking straight pipe conditions, for contrasts between the drag breadth and that of the mating funnel, for warm extension of the feign body, and for K-factor changes when the Reynolds number dips under 10,000.

Savvy transmitters are likewise given analytic subroutines to flag segment or different disappointments. Savvy transmitters can start testing schedules to distinguish issues with both the meter and with the application. These on-request tests can likewise aid ISO 9000 confirmation.

Some vortex flow meters can distinguish mass stream. One such plan estimates both the vortex recurrence and the vortex beat quality all the while. From these readings, the thickness of the procedure liquid can be resolved, and the mass stream determined to within 2% of range.

Another plan is furnished with different sensors to distinguish the vortex recurrence yet in addition, the temperature and weight of the procedure liquid. In view of that information, it decides both the thickness and the mass stream rate. This meter offers a 1.25% of rate exactness when estimating the mass progression of fluids and a 2% of rate precision for gases and steam. On the off chance that information of procedure weight and the temperature is of incentive for different reasons, this meter gives an advantageous, less expensive option in contrast to introducing separate transmitters.


While most flow meters keep on giving some sign at almost zero streams, the vortex meter is given a cut-off point. Underneath this level, the meter yield is consequently braced at zero (4 mA for simple transmitters). This slice off point relates to a Reynolds number at or underneath 10,000. On the off chance that the base stream that one needs to gauge is at any rate double the cut-off stream, this does not represent an issue. Then again, it can, in any case, be a downside if low flow rate data is wanted during start-up, shutdown, or other miracle conditions.

Author’s Bio

Sylvia Hopkins is a writer and a blogger who specializes in email marketing campaigns and ghost blogging. She writes about flow measurement instrumentation, flow measurement application, and technology. When not working, Sylvia spends some quality time with her family and friends.

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